Speech Recognition – Converging and Countering Diverse Platforms

We live in an era of continuous and rapid innovations. The first decade of the 21st Century brought a number of discoveries, mistakes, and other advances that have prejudiced humans extensively.

In some cases these advances changed deep-seated beliefs of humans; in others,Guest Posting they opened up possibilities beyond what humans thought was impossible years ago. Technology has changed the face of many verticals today; and has diversified its processes and ways to accomplish different tasks.

Speech Recognition – Introduction:

Speech Recognition is the ability of machines to process spoken commands. It enables “hands-free” control of various electronic devices, a benefit for many disabled people and the add-on of automatic creation of “print-ready” dictation. Among the initial applications for Speech recognition were automated telephone systems and medical dictation software (Transcription).

Speech recognition also known as automatic voice recognition, computer speech recognition, speech to text, or just STT, converts spoken words to text. The term “Speech Recognition” is sometimes used to refer to recognition systems that must be trained to a particular speaker; as is the case for most desktop recognition software. Recognizing the speaker can abridge the task of translating speech. Speech recognition is an extensive and expansive solution that refers to technology that can recognize speech without being targeted at single speaker, such as a call system that can recognize subjective voices.

In 1936 AT&T’S Bell labs produced the first electronic speech synthesizer called the Voder. This machine was demonstrated in the 1939 world fairs by experts that used a keyboard and foot pedals to play the machine and emit speech. This was the first attempt to systematize the documentation problem and even out the operational hindrances within the medical and healthcare arena.

Amalgamating Speech recognition in daily lives (Cellphones and devises):

In today’s day and age cell phones and PDA’s and other high computing devices happen to be common possessions. These devices were introduced with the simple objective to ease the human’s basic need to communicate and also double up to be a mode of keeping oneself cognizant. As time and technology advanced cell phone and other devises have also followed the trail. With the availability of 3G & 4G empowered mobile devices with fast Internet connections and super-fast processing, mobile devises and cell phones have been amalgamated with the speech recognition technology. Speech recognition applications in mobile devises include voice user interfaces such as voice dialing (e.g., “Call home”), call routine (e.g., “I would like to make a collect call”), search (e.g., find a podcast where particular words were spoken) etc. Today’s speech-recognition apps for smart phones can also learn from their errors; they are auto corrective. If an app misspells a word, users can use the keyboards on their respective devices to correct the mistake, and the correction is distinguished on the server so it is less likely to persist. Large numbers of devices are being rolled out with speech recognition pre-installed into the device. This trend is already up-to-the-minute. Apple’s iPhone 4S, for example, includes native speech recognition capabilities that allow users to voice-dial contact in their address books and along with this apple has introduced an interpretive speech recognition app called Siri. Siri on iPhone 4S lets users use their voice to send messages, schedule meetings, place phone calls, type emails, play music and much more. Ask Siri to do things just by talking the way you talk and Siri understands what you say, knows what you mean, and even talks back. Siri is so easy to use and does so much that you’ll keep finding more and more ways to use it. All these implications of speech recognition technology are a preview of the future where all mobile devises would no longer require humans to manually input probes, but just talk to a device and get the task done quickly.

Amalgamating Speech recognition in daily lives (Desktop Computers):

Computers have influenced our life in such a way that it is very difficult to sustain without one. Today’s computer are made to meet all the user’s needs and even to provide use of use, which being the main purpose of the gadget.

There are two primary implementations of the technology on PCs: voice command, by which you use spoken words to control the computer, and voice dictation, which transcribes the words you speak into a text document. Voice recognition programs on desktops allow you to “train” them by reading many passages of text (the contents of which is known to the computer) so the system can learn how you pronounce various words. It can be a monotonous process, but it can greatly improve the accuracy of the transcription.

Voice command tends to work better than dictation. That’s because the vocabulary that the computer needs to learn is much smaller. You use standard commands such as “Open file” or “Click Start.” With little practice, you can control the computer’s basic functions using your voice. Windows Speech Recognition is a new feature in Windows Vista and Windows 7, built using the latest Microsoft speech recognition technologies. Windows Speech Recognition provides excellent recognition accuracy that improves with each use as it adapts to your speaking style and vocabulary.

With Windows Speech Recognition, one is empowered right from the start; a guided setup and an interactive training experience disseminate you with key concepts and commands. Windows Speech Recognition also features an innovative, natural user interface that efficiently assists you in controlling your computer by voice. Whether you are starting an application, selecting a word, or correcting a sentence, you are always in control and Windows Speech Recognition smoothly guides you to completing the task at hand. It boosts various unique features such as Commanding, Correction, Dictation, Disambiguation, Innovative user interface, Interactive tutorial, Personalization (adaptation) and Support for multiple languages. Speech recognition technology has changed the way people use computers today and to a great extent increased the user experience and eased a lot of complex typing tasks.

At some point in the future, speech recognition may become speech understanding. The statistical models that allow computers to decide what a person just said may someday allow them to grasp the meaning behind the words. Although it is a huge leap in terms of computational power and software sophistication, some researchers argue that Speech recognition development offers the most direct line from the computers of today to true artificial intelligence. We can talk to our computers today. In 25 years, they may very well talk back.

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Worldwide material energy can be seen in the form of electricity, magnetism, heat, light etc. Vibrations of energy influence atoms and thus various movements of the visible world are executed. Cells too are influenced by divine electrical energy. The illumined portion of human consciousness can be called a vibration of divine existence.

The Shrutis (Vedas) say:

Devi vachamjanayanta devastam

Vishwaroopaha pashavo vadanti.

Sa no mandreshvamurgam duhana


MEANING: Subtle speech is Goddess. It is the entire world manifest. She is the mother of demigods. Demigods are Mantra in nature. This by itself is science. Via the energy of this speech manifested Kamadhenu (or wish fulfilling cow) we are all alive. Because of it we speak and understand.

Words have 2 forms. The 1st is which is uttered by the tongue. It can be heard by the ears. With it one can know its meaning. Further a form or incident conjoined to these words get painted or photographed on the mental screen. Words uttered aloud are called Vaikhari. In day to day mundane tasks this speech is used a lot.

The 2nd form of words is called Paravak or subtle speech. It dwells in our psyche in the form of sentiments,Guest Posting wisdom and aspiration. It is energy in form. It oozes with inspiration. The intellect is its follower, the mind is its servant and psyche is its aide. In order to render sentiments emerging from inner sensitive centers with name and form, in order to generate means the mind and intellect have to work. The body is the follower of these two. Hence the body too has to go in their prescribed direction. In it via the inspiration of Paravak or subtle speech dwelling in the inner personality the mind and body get a direction. Whatever man thinks, does becomes and attains is but the grace of Paravak.

The eating resting and other routine habits of the body are rendered well developed and healthy. This development takes place on the basis of the mind, brain, studies, proximity, thinking and experience. In order to render Paravak which is the manifestation of the deep cave of the psyche, healthy, well advanced, sacred and potent we need to execute spiritual practices. Spiritual practices can be for making the body powerful and also to develop the brain region. Exercising, studying can be called spiritual practices of the body and mind. If these are not taken recourse to both shall remain underdeveloped. God has given us a body full of varied potentials and also a mind full of various possibilities yet if efforts are not made to render them well managed and highly developed then they by heading in undesirable directions can become distorted, fallen and demeaned. They can get engulfed with diseases and anguish. Similarly Paravak which is the energy of one’s psyche is not sanctified appropriately it can become downfallen in a demonic fashion. Just indolent lethargic people render their psyche and body diseased in the same way if efforts to render the psyche well cultured, sanctified and highly advanced are given up man enters the state akin to a beast and a ghost. A psyche covered by demonic qualities reeks of bad sentiments, tainted intellect and vile activities. Such a person himself/herself is agitated and harasses others too without any rhyme or reason.

In order to make the body and mind well advanced certain efforts are made yet more important than this is to sanctify the psyche piously. This goal is attained via Paravak (subtle speech) spiritual practice. This also is the aim of Mantra Sciences. With its aid the sensitive centers of Paravak are contacted and means of sanctification are thus made available.

The Shrutis or Vedas say:

Pakka naha saraswati vajbhir

Vajinivati dhonamavitrayavatu.

Speech that is sanctified via austerities bestows us with purity, nourishment, brilliant talent, divine intellect and inspiration. It is the penance based goal of Paravak that is called Mantra chanting and practices. Mantras chanted by the gross Vaikhari speech and meditated upon by subtle Madhyama speech awaken subtler speeches called Para and Pashyanti. Thus when all 4 types of speeches get activated and get raised to higher levels, the creature or living being becomes Almighty God. Deity Brahma has 4 faces. He created the 4 Vedas. This 4 fold manifestation is but the uprising of the 4 speeches called Vaikhari, Madhyama, Para and Pashyanti. This is possible both for Brahma deity and soul deity. In Puranas or Indian Mythology there is a story that Brahmaji the creator many times climbed up and down the stem of the lotus appearing from the navel of Lord Vishnu. This is exactly what happens in Mantra chanting too. After a gross word is uttered it enters the depth of sensitive centers of the psyche and after imbibing energy from that power fount it comes up again. While it rises up Pashyanti speech influences Vaikhari speech very similar to a metal wire getting affected by electricity which it comes in contact with. This sanctified Mantra word creates upheavals in entire creation, vibrates the subtle world and by not allowing the individual to remain merely an individual, renders him/her divine energy manifest.

We all chant Super Mantra Gayatri yet it is relegated merely to vibrating of this gross Vaikhari speech. As a result those effects that should be seen normally are not noted. Maharshi Vishwamitra had executed these very Gayatri Mantra spiritual practices. He attained that divine energy and became as powerful as has been described in the Mahatmya (deep import) of Super power Gayatri. Mantra practices are austerities of speech. Gross over here gets converted to subtle. One has to enter the arena of inner vision. To throw a pot into a well, fill it with water and pull it up with a rope is equivalent to austerities. When this pot filled with water comes in our hands it is Sidhi (success). This then is the mutually beneficial bond between spiritual practice and Sidhi. Those who know the secret of the extraordinary process of Mantra practice into Mantra Sidhi attain mundane paraphernalia and means of material comforts via Mantra Japa chanting. Their austerities of spiritual practices return in the form of vault of Sidhis or various types of powers.

Word is called Brahman or cosmic consciousness (God). This Word Brahman is the sensitive center of Paravak or subtle speech. Generally it remains latent in Ksheer Ocean but when it awakens then due its vibrations the entire world is rendered active. The Shrutis say that speech touches our hearts. It can be experienced as touch and sight. This heart touching nature is heaven, salvation and Nirvana. This touch experience is an infinite vault of Ridhi-Sidhis or divine powers. This sight experience is contacting, grace and boon of demigods. All this is but the result and echo of speech power.

Speech experiences sight, taste and smell. It is from space manifest sound/word that air, fire, water and earth elements have appeared. Hence speech is called world manifest, multifaceted in form and presiding goddess of divine energies. Agni or fire is Bhuloka. Vayu or air is Bhuvahaloka and Varuna or water is Swahaloka. Vaikhari speech when rendered subtle via Mantra chanting commences its authority on all 3 worlds. Whatever is present in all the Lokas or worlds is influenced, managed and controlled by sanctified Paravak or subtle speech. When the process of the tongue that induces futile chatter is instead used for Mantra chanting, it becomes energy manifest. This energy is such that within its periphery is included all that is stupendous and mind boggling.

When this sanctified speech conjoins to Yajna fire its terrific energy can be witnessed. As soon as Ghee or clarified butter is added to fire, it gets converted to flames. When subtle speech conjoins to Yajna tasks its divine brilliance helps this world wallowing in darkness attain a divine aura and by getting liberated from strife and anguish it heads in the direction of divine grandeur, prosperity, peace and progress. The subtle form of Yajna is spirituality and world well being. When speech sanctified via spiritual practices is used for world welfare mission in its truest sense it can be called a Brahman or Divine Yajna. Regarding this in the Bhagwad Geeta a mention has been made of offering divine materials to divine fire. Via such Divine Yajnas clouds of joy and peace rain down. Material goals are fulfilled by carrying out Yajnas in which food materials are offered. No doubt over here clouds of material grandeur pour down but Shrutis talk of such rain shower which is synonymous with world peace and well being.

Worldwide gross material energy can be seen in the form of electricity, magnetism, heat, light and so on. Vibrations of energy influence atoms and as a result various movements of the gross visible world are executed. Cells too are influenced by divine electrical energy. The illumined portion of human consciousness can be called a vibration of divine existence. Due to this vibration both divine and soul existence commences flowing. Everything in this world happens as per the wishes of Almighty God. While speaking thus we must also understand that the sanctified form of individual soul existence is divine existence or God. In reality whatever the taintless witness Brahman (divine cosmic consciousness or God) does in this world by becoming ‘desire’ is actually the flow of the soul existence similar to it. Subtle speech or Paravak attained via Mantra chanting penance due to its purity and radiant intensity becomes desire of Almighty God. Its vibrations vibrate cells of all creatures. Accordingly the direction of world flow changes. This is executed by Messengers of God and great Avatars. Their duties can be seen conjoined to God’s divine wishes or their desires are synonymous with God’s divine commands. This then is the state of Sidhas and saints of penance. Their Paravak or subtle speech not only fulfills the goal of uttering something but also executes the functions of world management and control.

Just as the seed of macrocosm is the microcosm similarly the gigantic form of an individual is the all pervasive cosmos. An individual’s existence is said to be created from the situations of the cosmos. Along with this it has been said that the micro akin to a seed in its advanced form becomes the cosmos. Both have a relationship akin to the seed and its tree. No doubt a tree grows from a seed but it cannot be erroneous to say that seeds are formed on a tree. Circumstances of the cosmos created an individual yet the pinnacle of development/evolution of an individual also is the humungous cosmos. A small balloon on bloating becomes very big. Paravak is the name of that very air which by bloating a small balloon called an individual renders him/her gigantic and can now be comparable to Brahman or Almighty God. No doubt energy of the atom is gigantic yet the energy of cells is even infinitely greater. An engine is big but the driver is bigger. An atom vibrates due to certain forces and this capacity to vibrate is present in conscious energy which can be called the cosmic existence of a cell.

The Shrutis say:

Vishnumukha vai devaicchandobhi rimanlokanan pajapyamabhyajapan.

Demigods are mouth of Vishnu. They are Cchand (poetic meter) in form. They have removed that which cannot be removed and won that which was invincible. This is a tenet that showcases the unity of Mantratma (devotee) and Vishwatma (God).

Importance of Mantras cannot be based on mere meaning of words embedded in them. A very powerful Mantra from the standpoint of word meaning could be very ordinary. In Mantras you may not see language or poetry embedded in them. Yet this just does decrease the importance of Mantras. Mantras’ importance in fact is directly related to its energy designing. Mantras should be looked upon as Tone or Sound Sciences. Its importance dwells in the vibrations that become active due to its chanting. In various religions of the world have traditional Mantras that have methodologies based on worship, meditation and rituals. In it predominate, assemblage of words. From the meaning standpoint these words may appear ordinary and with a very miniscule gist.

Mantras possess 4 types of energies:

1) Validity energy

2) Fruit or result bestowing energy

3) Amplifying energy

4) Importing-exporting energy

The above has been detailed by Maharshi Jaimini in Purva Mimansa literature. According to him the validity energy of Mantras is that which encompasses teaching, addressing and commands. These can be said to be related to word meaning.

By sanctifying Kund Samigh, Patra Pith, Ajyacharu, Havi, Pith etc using Mantras, method of rendering their subtle Prana radiant, Mantra chanting, rituals, Nyas, resolve or Ritwijas or Yajna priests, austerity based on sexual continence, food and via other methods and do’s and don’ts Mantra’s fruit or result bestowing energy gets activated. Within actions for fulfillment of desires this very energy of Mantras with the help of various methods awakens and fulfills desired goals.

The 3rd energy is that regarding amplification or rendering that which is less into more. Even miniscule materials offered to Yajna fire by becoming gaseous spreads out in the entire environment. If a little oil is placed on water it spreads on the entire surface of water. Similarly the body, Mantra chanting and organs used for it maybe little yet energy emerging from friction akin to sparks emanating from a matchstick despite appearing miniscule ooze with the capability of becoming a blazing forest inferno. Mantra practices done by one lone individual can influence many other people, materials, atoms and cells. Hence know that over here it is the amplifying energy that is at work.

The 4th energy capable of importing-exporting can produce special power if done by a person of extraordinary potential, in a special place, with the help of special people, using special apparatus along with special methods of Mantra chanting. Vishwamitra and Parshuram had executed Gayatri Mantra practice for a special mission, along with usage of special methods and thus they attained desired results. Since Vasishtha could not fulfill Dashratha’s Putreshti Yajna (to sire children) it was Shringi Rishi who did the needful. This was the energy of importing-exporting in Shringi Rishi.

The body of a Mantra devotee must be disciplined and mind must be focused. A devotee whose energy scatters here and there is hollow and he/she cannot imbibe Mantra aura in the soul. A diseases woman undergoes miscarriages and cannot give birth to healthy babies. This is the same story for a devotee devoid of self control. In a story of Mahabharat Ashwatthama and Arjun let loose a Sandhan Weapon that worked on Mantra Energy. On noting its terrible form Vyasji stood in their midst and asked both of them to recall their weapons. Arjun being a Brahmachari (sexually continent) could recall it but ashwatthama failed to do so because he was devoid of self control.

In Shatpath there is description wherein an argument took place between Nrumegh and Yarucchep as to who was successful in Mantra chanting. Although from Nrumegh’s throat smoke appeared but Yarucchep on chanting Mantras induced fire in wet wooden sticks. Hence Yarucchep told Nrumegh: You merely know Mantra chanting at the surface level whereas I have realized its very soul.

Kautsa Muni maintains that Mantras are meaningless. Over here what is being said is that importance should be given to sound flow and weaving of words in Mantras and not its word meaning. Goals are fulfilled not via meaning of seed Mantras like Hreem, Shreem, Kleem, Aime etc but via their sound flow. This mystery has been unfolded with greater clarity by the author of Naishadh Charitra in the 13th Sarga. The entire scientific world is well versed with the extraordinary influence of music on bodily and mental health. If sound is let loose near a glass tumbler with uniform speed, the tumbler shall break apart. Soldiers are asked not to march in uniform tandem on bridges. This is because the sound force emitted by this marching shatters the bridge. When medium tone music is played, ancient ruins of Stone Hives of Inden start trembling. Hence over there not only music but singing too is disallowed because rhythmic music/drums can induce falling of these archeological remains. It is the basis of this very Sound Science that Mantras have been designed and created. Their meaning is not all that important. Hence Kautsa Muni calls Mantras ‘Anarthak’ or devoid of meaning.

Fire is a center of energy. It is only by learning application of fire that man has become so powerful. Due to fear of fire violent beasts like lion and tiger run miles away. With the help of fire rail engine works, planes fly high, factories are at work, weapons are used, food is cooked and electricity is generated. If fire were not to exist life too could not sustain. A synonym of fire is life. Hence in Mantra practices fire rites are conjoined to it. There is a scriptural command to keep an imperishable fire in the Yajna hall, an imperishable flame lamp while chanting Mantras and after an Anushthan or worship program is completed an Anupatik Yajna must be performed. During occasions of various festivals and religious programs Agnihotra must be performed because mantra Energy used with reference to this can exhibit its miracle in totality.

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